Changing Kinds: Aristotle and the Aristotelians

Stephen R. L. Clark

About author

Prof. Stephen R. L. Clark
Emeritus Professor
The University of Liverpool
c/o Department of Philosophy
Liverpool L69 3BX
United Kingdom

E-mail: srlclark@liverpool.ac.uk

Abstract


Aristotle is routinely blamed for several errors that, it is supposed, held 'science' back for centuries - among others, a belief in distinct, homogenous and unchanging species of living creatures, an essentialist account of human nature, and a suggestion that 'slavery' was a natural institution. This paper briefly examines Aristotle's own arguments and opinions, and the perils posed by a contrary belief in changeable species. Contrary to received opinion even amongst some of his followers, Aristotle was not a species essentialist and his ethical theory, properly expanded, provides arguments against bioengineering human and other species without a clear view of what should count as beauty.

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DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.45.2015.794

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/794
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/794/en

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