Reducing Organ Shortage. Active Donor Registration System as an Alternative to the Polish Opt-Out System (in Polish)

Piotr Grzegorz Nowak

About author

Piotr Grzegorz Nowak, MA
Jagiellonian University
Department of Philosophy
ul. Grodzka 52
Pl-31-044 Kraków
E-mail: piotr.grzegorz.nowak@uj.edu.pl

Abstract


In the article I argue for replacing the opt-out system of organ donation, currently applied in Poland, with the Active Donor Registration system (ADR). The basic idea of the ADR system is to send a special form to all adult citizens, which would give them an opportunity to consent or dissent to the removal of organs, or to delegate their decision to their next of kin. Granting priority to declared donors – an additional assumption of ADR – would make it possible for them to acquire better access to transplantation if they ever contract a disease whose effective treatment will require transplantation. I highlight the basic assumptions of both systems and describe the functioning of the Polish opt-out regulations. I also analyze the statistical data illustrating the scale of organ shortage in Poland, and I present and criticize the basic ethical principles of evaluating organ procurement systems and compare the Polish system with the ADR system from the perspective of those principles.


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DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.44.2015.673

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/673
Polish abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/673/pl
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/673/en

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