A Biological Theory of Death: Characterization, Justification, and Implications

Michael Nair-Collins

About author

Michael Nair-Collins, PhD
Florida State University College of Medicine
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine
1115 West Call Street
Tallahassee, FL 32312
USA

E-mail: michael.nair-collins@med.fsu.edu

Abstract


John P. Lizza has long been a major figure in the scholarly literature on criteria for death. His searching and penetrating critiques of the dominant biological paradigm, and his defense of a theory of death of the person as a psychophysical entity, have both significantly advanced the literature. In this special issue, Lizza reinforces his critiques of a strictly biological approach. In my commentary, I take up Lizza’s challenge regarding a biological concept of death. He is certainly right to point out that science is not value-free; however, this does not imply that there cannot be a characterization of biological death that can be shown to be superior to other concepts. After characterizing and justifying such a theory of biological death, I show that patients who meet the diagnostic criteria for brain death are unequivocally biologically alive. However, with respect to concepts of personhood and related ideas (as opposed to biology), I urge the acceptance of a pluralism of such concepts for matters of public policy.

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References


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DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.1174

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/1174
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/1174/en

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