David Hume: Unwitting Cosmopolitan?

Edward W. Glowienka

About author

Dr. Edward W. Glowienka
Assistant Professor of Philosophy
Carroll College
1601 N. Benton Ave.
Helena, MT 59625
USA

E-mail: eglowienka@carroll.edu

Abstract


If Hume is considered cosmopolitan in his ethics at all, he is said to be so through his anti-mercantilist approach to commerce. Prevailing commercial interpretations attribute to Hume a cosmopolitanism that is best described as instrumental and supervenient. I argue that Hume’s principles lead to a cosmopolitan ethic that is more demanding than commercial interpretations recognize. Hume’s cosmopolitanism is more than merely supervenient and its instrumentality is such that cosmopolitan regard becomes inseparable from healthy patriotic concern. I show sympathy and duty, not merely justice, central to Hume’s cosmopolitanism and address how Hume’s moderate cosmopolitanism might be enacted in society. I suggest Hume’s view can contribute to contemporary cosmopolitan discourse, aiding both those forms with which it is consonant and the practical ends of otherwise opposed, Kantian forms.

Full Text:

PDF


References


  1. E – D. Hume, Essays Moral, Political, and Literary 2nd ed., E. Miller (ed.), Liberty Fund, Indianapolis 1987.
  2. EM – D. Hume, Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, [in:] Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals 3rd ed., L.A. Selby-Bigge, P.H. Nidditch (eds.), Clarendon Press, Oxford 1975.
  3. EU – D. Hume, Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, [in:] Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals 3rd ed., L.A. Selby-Bigge, P.H. Nidditch (eds.), Clarendon Press, Oxford 1975.
  4. T – D. Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature 2nd ed., L.A. Selby-Bigge, P.H. Nidditch (eds.), Clarendon Press, Oxford 1978.
  5. D.C. Ainslie, “The Problem of the National Self in Hume’s Theory of Justice,” Hume Studies 21 (2) 1995, p. 289–314.
  6. K.A. Appiah, Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers, Norton, New York 2006.
  7. R. Arneson, “Is Patriotism Immoral?,” Philosophic Exchange 43 (1) 2013, Article 2; available at: http://digitalcommons.brockport.edu/phil_ex/vol43/iss1/2 [4.06. 2015].
  8. L. Cabrera, The Practice of Global Citizenship, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2010.
  9. A. Calvo de Saavedra, “Comercio y cosmopolitismo en la filosofía política de David Hume,” Universitas Philosophica 23 (47) 2006, p. 59–82.
  10. K. Haakonssen, “Hume’s Obligations,” Hume Studies 4 (1) 1978, p. 7–17.
  11. C. Korsgaard, “Skepticism about Practical Reason,” The Journal of Philosophy (83) 1986, p. 5–25.
  12. C. Korsgaard, “The General Point of View: Love and Moral Approval in Hume’s Ethics,” Hume Studies 25 (1&2) 1999, p. 3–42.
  13. D.W. Livingston, Philosophical Melancholy and Delirium: Hume’s Pathology of Philosophy, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1998.
  14. A. MacIntyre, “Is Patriotism a Virtue?,” The Lindey Lecture, University of Kansas, Lawrence 1984.
  15. A. MacIntyre, Whose Justice? Which Rationality?, University of Notre Dame Press, Indiana 1988.
  16. M.C. Nussbaum, “Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism,” Boston Review, October 1, 1994; available at: http://bostonreview.net/martha-nussbaum-patriotism-and-cosmopolitanism [4.06.2015].
  17. M.C. Nussbaum, “Kant and Stoic Cosmopolitanism,” The Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (1) 1997, p. 1–25.
  18. T. Penelhum, David Hume: An Introduction to His Philosophical System, Purdue University Press, West Lafayette 1992.
  19. J. Rick, “Hume’s and Smith’s Partial Sympathies and Impartial Stances,” The Journal of Scottish Philosophy 5 (2) 2007, p. 135–158.
  20. A.B. Stilz, “Hume, Modern Patriotism, and Commercial Society,” History of European Ideas (29) 2003, p. 15–32.
  21. C. Sypnowich, “Cosmopolitans, Cosmopolitanism, and Human Flourishing,” [in:] The Political Philosophy of Cosmopolitanism, G. Brock, H. Brighouse (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2005, p. 55–74.
  22. R. Vitz, “Hume and the Limits of Benevolence,” Hume Studies 28 (2) 2002, p. 271–296.

DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.44.2015.768

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/768
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/768/en

Share:






All works are licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.