Animal body consciousness – who owns the body of an animal? (in Polish)

Piotr Wronarowicz

About author

Piotr Wronarowicz, MA
Jagiellonian University
Department of Philosophy alumnus
ethics teacher
Elementary School nr 80
Os. Na Skarpie 8
Pl-31-909 Kraków
e-mail: piotr.wronarowicz@uj.edu.pl

Abstract


This paper considers the body ownership of nonhuman animals, related to the body consciousness problem. The issue of nonhuman animal consciousness is based on Donald R. Griffin’s work and is narrowed down to body-consciousness with the addition of arguments from Richard Shusterman's Body Consciousness and neurobiology. The attempt to set a boundary between animals which have body awareness and those which do not is inconclusive. However, it was possible to locate animal body-consciousness among the different types of awareness and to distinguish between body-awareness and higher degree body-consciousness. The latter type does not need self-awareness to be recognized. This means that many more species than only those that are able to pass Gallup's test may have this kind of consciousness. The article ends by pointing out which type of consciousness/awareness is sufficient for determining whether animals have a right to their bodies and are their rightful owners.

Full Text:

PDF (In Polish)


References


  1. D.R. Griffin, The question of Animal Awareness Evolutionary Continuity of Mental Experience, The Rockefeller University Press, New York 1981.
  2. D.R. Griffin, Umysły zwierząt, tłum. M. Ślusarska, A. Tabaczyńska, Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2004.
  3. B. Helfer, Neuronalne korelaty świadomości – pierwszy krok ku biologicznej podstawie świadomości, dostępne na: http://wiedzaiedukacja.eu/archives/21323.
  4. J.W. Kalat, Biologiczne podstawy psychologii, tłum. M. Binder, A. Jarmocik, M. Kuniecki, PWN, Warszawa 2007.
  5. T. Maruszewski, Psychologia poznania, Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk 2001.
  6. J.M. Masson, Dogs never lie about love: reflections on the emotional world of dogs, Rivers Press, New York 1998.
  7. F. Patterson, W. Gordon, The Case for the Personhood of Gorillas, [w:] The Great Ape Project: equality beyond humanity, ed. P. Cavalieri, P. Singer, St. Martin's Press, New York 1994, s. 58-77.
  8. R. Roczeń, Podmiotowość małp człekokształtnych, [w:] Świadomość środowiska, red. W. Galewicz, Universitas, Kraków 2006.
  9. B. Sadowski, Biologiczne mechanizmy zachowania się ludzi i zwierząt, PWN, Warszawa 2007.
  10. R. Shusterman, Świadomość ciała : dociekania z zakresu somaestetyki, tłum. W. Małecki, S. Stankiewicz, Universitas, Kraków 2010.

DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.36.2013.523

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/523
Polish abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/523/pl
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/523/en

Share:






All works are licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.