A contribution to the problem of the causality of omissions

Mateusz Klinowski

Abstract


The text deals with the causal status of omissions. This problem is one of the arguments against treating omissions as full acts. I first discuss several arguments that are frequently cited in the literature against the recognition of the causal nature of omissions, showing that each of them is inconclusive. Then I a present a logical analysis known as the "sees to it" theory, which correctly captures a series of intuitions concerning activity, duty, and the ability to do something. With the help of this analysis I construct an interesting argument in favor of the causality of omissions.

Full Text:

PDF (In Polish)


References


  1. N. Belnap, M. Perloft , M. Xu, Facing the future, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2001.
  2. K. Buchała, A. Zoll, Polskie prawo karne, Wydawnictwa Prawnicze PWN, Warszawa 1997.
  3. D. C. Dennett, Consciousness Explained, Penguin Books, London 1993.
  4. H.L.A. Hart, The Ascription of Responsibility and Rights, w: A. Flew (red.), Logic and Language, Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1963, s. 145-166.
  5. H.L.A. Hart, T. Honoré, Causation in the Law, 2nd ed., Clarendon, Oxford 1985.
  6. J.F. Horty, N. Belnap, The Deliberative Stit: A Study of Action, Omission, Ability, and Obligation, „Journal of Philosophical Logic”, 24 (1995), s. 583-644.
  7. J.F. Horty, Agency and deontic logic, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  8. W. Mącior, Czyn ludzki i jego znaczenie w prawie karnym, Wydawnictwo Prawnicze, Warszawa 1990.
  9. W. Patryas, Interpretacja karnistyczna, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań 1998.
  10. W. Patryas, Przyczynek do zagadnienia przyczynowości zaniechania, „Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny”, 1992, zeszyt 3, s. 1-9.
  11. W. Patryas, Zaniechanie, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań 1993.
  12. J.R. Searle, Umysł, mózg i nauka, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 1995.
  13. J.R. Searle, The construction of Social Reality, Penguin Books, London 1996.
  14. G.H. von Wright, Norm and Action – a Logical Enquiry, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1963.
  15. G.H. von Wright, An Essay in Deontic Logic and the General Theory of Action, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam 1968.
  16. Z. Ziembiński, Analiza pojęcia czynu, Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa 1972.

DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.21.2009.354

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/354
Polish abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/354/pl
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/354/en

Share:






All works are licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.