The Normative Implications of the Preference for Identified People (in Polish)

Tomasz Żuradzki

About author

Tomasz Żuradzki, PhD
Jagiellonian University
Institute of Philosophy
ul. Grodzka 52
Pl-31-044 Kraków

E-mailt.zuradzki@uj.edu.pl

Abstract


The results of empirical research show that people prefer to help identified individuals rather than unidentified ones. This preference has an important influence on many private and public decisions, for example concerning vaccination or the distribution of healthcare resources. The aim of this article is to define the terms: “identified”, “unidentified”, “statistical”, and then to analyze three philosophical arguments concerning the normative implications of this preference: 1) contractualism ex ante; 2) fair distribution of chances and risks; 3) principles regarding the concentration of good effects and the distribution of bad effects. I will demonstrate that these arguments, which are related to interesting philosophical problems, such as counterfactuals, are not convincing.

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References


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DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.13153/diam.51.2017.1034

Article links:

Default URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/1034
Polish abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/1034/pl
English abstract URL: http://www.diametros.iphils.uj.edu.pl/index.php/diametros/article/view/1034/en

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